Taiwan languages


Taiwan languages

Mandarin is Taiwan’s official language, it became the country’s national language after the end of World War II, before the official language was Japanese. Mandarin is more frequently used in the north in comparison to the south, where most people speak Taiwanese. The younger generation speaks Mandarin better than Hakka or Hokkien (Taiwanese), the elder generation were educated in Japanese.

Taiwanese Hokkien is spoken by about 70% of the population, linguistically, it is a subgroup of Southern Min languages variety originating in southern Fujian.

Hakka is spoken by Taiwanese with Hakka ancestry, the majority lives in Taoyuan, Hsinchu and Miaoli.

On the map bellow you can see the most spoken languages in Taiwan, (cmn) Mandarin, (nan) Hokkien, (hak) Hakka, (map) Matsu.







1. Getting around in Taipei

Easy Card: With this card you can take the metro, city bus, taxi or ship, rent the bicycle, and pay in chain shops.

Airports: Taoyuan International Airport and Songshan Airport

City Bus: The city has 300 bus routes and a one-section journey costs  NT$15. Sometimes you pay when you get on the bus and sometimes you pay when you get off, you’ll see the sign near the bus door.

Bike sharing service, Ubike: There are many Ubike stations throughout the city, you’ll need an Easy Card to rent one. It takes NT$10 every 30 minutes for the first 4 hours,  NT$20 every 30 minutes for 4-8 hours, and NT$40 every 30 minutes after 8 hours.

Metro: The Taipei Metro System is very convenient, and is the most efficient way to get around the city. A single trip costs NT$20-65 based on the distance and a one-day ticket coasts NT$200.



2. Getting around in Taiwan

Long Distance Bus: The biggest bus center is in Taipei Main Station but you can also go to Taipei City Hall Bus Station. There are many companies you can choose from and the buses are very comfortable. The destinations include Kaohsiung, Tainan, Chiayi, Hualien, Taichung, which depart every one hour. The bus to Chiayi costs about NT$250 with the duration of 4.5 hours, to Tainan takes 5 hours and NT$350, to Kaohsiung costs  NT$500 with the travel time of 6 hours, and to Hualien takes 5 hours with the ticket price of NT$400.

Train: Taiwan Rail Line and Taiwan High Speed Rail, both in Taipei Main Stationtransportation





Cost of Living

Some might think Asia has a lower cost of living but Taiwan is slightly more expensive than Paris and Milan. Even though Taipei is the most expensive city to live in Taiwan, it is still less expensive than Beijing, Singapore, Hong Kong or Seoul. But most importantly the cost of living will vary according to the area you choose to live and the lifestyle you choose to have.

Updated august 2018


  • 1 bedroom apartment (city centre): 14,000 – 27,000 NT$
  • 1 bedroom apartment (outside of the city): 9,000 – 20,000 NT$
  • 3 bedroom apartment (city centre): 31,000 – 58,000 NT$
  • 3 bedroom apartment (outside of the city): 23,000 – 40,000 NT$


  • Bus/train fare: 20 NT$
  • Monthly Pass: 1,280 NT$
  • Taxi rate (per km): 25 NT$
  • Gasoline (1 liter): 28,52 NT$


  • Meal at inexpensive restaurant: 100 NT$
  • Meal at a business district: 200 NT$
  • Combo meal at fast food restaurant (ex. Big Mac): 139 NT$
  • Domestic Beer (0.5 liter draught): 50 NT$
  • Imported Beer (0.33 liter bottle): 60 NT$
  • Cappuccino (regular): 75 NT$


  • Cinema, international release: 300 NT$
  • 1 month gym membership: 1,400 NT$
  • 1 beer in pub (500 ml): 180 NT$
  • Tennis Court rent (1h on weekend): 400 NT$


  • The Health Insurance in Taiwan is quite advanced and the prices are low